Writing Routines

Before Writing: Engage and Plan

“Develop students’ understanding that writing provides a way for them to get things done in their daily lives, including conveying information, making an argument, providing a means for self-reflection, sharing an experience, enhancing understanding of reading, or providing entertainment.” (WWC, p. 3)

Options for sharing and publishing their writing are many, but here are a few ideas:

  • Provide an authentic writing purpose (or prompt). Be sure to consider out-of-school connections.

  • Provide a few interesting books about the topic to help students build requisite knowledge.

  • Provide graphic organizers to support students planning and knowledge-gathering.

  • Provide ample time for students to talk about the topic and what they will write about, with the teacher, with a peer or a small group, or as a whole-class discussion.

  • Teach a mini-lesson to support use of a particular writing skill or strategy (e.g., writing a good lead, using vivid descriptions of places, characters, important events, writing a strong conclusion.)

During Writing: Guide and Provide Feedback

Students should learn to move easily back and forth between components of the writing process, often altering their plans and revising their text along the way. Teachers can help students become effective writers by teaching a variety of strategies for carrying out each component of the writing process and supporting students in applying the strategies until they are able to do so independently.” (WWC, p. 3)

After Writing: Provide Audiences for Student Writing

“Students may begin to see themselves as writers if they have opportunities to publish their writing. Publishing can take a variety of forms, including displaying student work prominently in the classroom. Teachers also can use publishing to extend the community beyond the classroom. Publishing student work in this manner celebrates writing and helps create a physical environment that is conducive to learning.” (WWC, p. 8)

Options for sharing and publishing their writing are many, but here are a few ideas:

Source: What Works Clearinghouse. Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers Practice Guide Summary. http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/PracticeGuide.aspx?sid=17